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Nordmann Fir

Abies nordmanniana

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Nordmann Fir (Abies nordmanniana) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Nordmann Fir

Nordmann Fir

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Nordmann Fir (Abies nordmanniana) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Nordmann Fir foliage

Nordmann Fir foliage

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  60 feet

Spread:  25 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Caucasian Fir

Description:

A beautiful yet uncommon evergreen, very upright and open, spire-shaped, like a perfect Christmas tree; somewhat particular about its growing conditions, not for dry or windy sites, does not tolerate heat

Ornamental Features

Nordmann Fir has dark green foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Nordmann Fir is a dense evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Nordmann Fir is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Vertical Accent

Planting & Growing

Nordmann Fir will grow to be about 60 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 25 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 90 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil pH, but grows best in sandy soils. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Articulation 
Applications
Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

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