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Bartlett Pear

Pyrus communis 'Bartlett'

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Bartlett Pear (Pyrus communis 'Bartlett') at Snavely's Garden Corner

Bartlett Pear fruit

Bartlett Pear fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Bartlett Pear (Pyrus communis 'Bartlett') at Snavely's Garden Corner

Bartlett Pear

Bartlett Pear

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  45 feet

Spread:  30 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  5a

Other Names:  Common Pear

Description:

The most commercially popular pear, produces excellent quality yellow-green fruit in early fall; very showy white flowers in spring and an upright oval habit, very ornamental; needs a pollinator, fallen fruit can be messy, can be susceptible to fireblight

Edible Qualities

Bartlett Pear is a large tree that is commonly grown for its edible qualities. It produces gold oblong pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with a red blush and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in early fall. The pears have a sweet taste and a juicy texture.

The pears are most often used in the following ways:

  • Fresh Eating
  • Cooking
  • Baking
  • Juice-Making
  • Canning

Features & Attributes

Bartlett Pear is covered in stunning clusters of white flowers with purple anthers along the branches in early spring. It has forest green foliage throughout the season. The glossy pointy leaves turn an outstanding deep purple in the fall. The fruits are showy gold pears with a red blush, which are carried in abundance in early fall. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.

This is a dense deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. This is a high maintenance plant that will require regular care and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Messy
  • Disease

Aside from its primary use as an edible, Bartlett Pear is sutiable for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Orchard/Edible Landscaping

Planting & Growing

Bartlett Pear will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more. This variety requires a different selection of the same species growing nearby in order to set fruit.

This tree is typically grown in a designated area of the yard because of its mature size and spread. It should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Accent  Shade  Orchard 
Applications
Flowers  Fruit  Fall Color 
Ornamental Features

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