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shrub

Common Flowering Quince

Chaenomeles speciosa

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Common Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Common Flowering Quince flowers

Common Flowering Quince flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Common Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Common Flowering Quince in bloom

Common Flowering Quince in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  8 feet

Spread:  8 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  5a

Other Names:  Common Quince

Description:

A profuse bloomer in spring in colors ranging from orange to fiery red; however, limited ornamental attributes the rest of the season; a large, sprawling shrub, needs regular pruning to keep it looking respectable

Ornamental Features

Common Flowering Quince has red cup-shaped flowers along the branches in early spring before the leaves. It has dark green foliage which emerges red in spring. The glossy oval leaves do not develop any appreciable fall color. The fruits are showy yellow pomes displayed in mid fall. The fruit can be messy if allowed to drop on the lawn or walkways, and may require occasional clean-up.

This plant is primarily grown as an ornamental, but it's also valued for its edible qualities. The bitter fruit is most often used in the following ways:

  • Preserves

Landscape Attributes

Common Flowering Quince is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a high maintenance shrub that will require regular care and upkeep, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Messy
  • Spiny

Common Flowering Quince is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Common Flowering Quince will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 8 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This shrub should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Screening  Garden 
Applications
Flowers  Fruit 
Ornamental Features

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