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Yellowwood

Cladrastis lutea

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Yellowwood (Cladrastis lutea) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Yellowwood in fall

Yellowwood in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Yellowwood (Cladrastis lutea) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Yellowwood flowers

Yellowwood flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Yellowwood (Cladrastis lutea) at Snavely's Garden Corner

Yellowwood in bloom

Yellowwood in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  45 feet

Spread:  45 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  4b

Other Names:  American Yellowwood, C. kentukea, C. tinctoria

Description:

A beautiful but somewhat fussy small tree with very show cascading panicles of white flowers in spring, good habit of growth all year round; makes an ideal accent or shade tree for smaller properties; tends to flower profusely every second year

Ornamental Features

Yellowwood is blanketed in stunning panicles of fragrant white pea-like flowers hanging below the branches from mid to late spring. It has light green foliage which emerges chartreuse in spring. The compound leaves turn yellow in fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. The smooth silver bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Yellowwood is an open deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Yellowwood is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade

Planting & Growing

Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for alkaline soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Accent  Shade 
Applications
Flowers  Bark  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features

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